Damn! I wrote a long article and it is gone. Oh Well here is what I was going to include. Rather than saying what I usually say from the work of Joan Price, Professor Scherz and Cyclone Covey - here is a link that mentions them all and the mound cultures as well as Atlantis stuff. http://www.ancientearthworks.org/aes...inter-1992.pdf
ACTIVITY 2: REBUILDING THE LEGENDARY BAIDARKA
Journey to a village in Alaska, where present-day Aleuts are introduced to a native craft not seen in nearly a century -- the baidarka, an ocean-going kayak of legendary speed and stealth. With limited information on the original craft's design, builder and designer George Dyson decided to reconstruct an authentic baidarka.
Thousands of years ago, the original baidarka was made from a wooden frame covered with sealskin. Aleut baidarkas could probably maintain speeds on the water of about 91/2 knots (10 mph).
To get the baidarka up to its reputed speed, archaeologists believe the Aleuts of old must have possessed unusual strength and stamina. Indeed, physical anthropologist William Laughlin, who has studied Aleuts for many decades, determined that the ancient Aleuts had enlarged humerus bones (long bone extending from the elbow to the shoulder), indicating unusually large muscles. The Aleuts probably kayaked in baidarkas every day, from childhood to old age. The push/pull kayaking motion puts maximum stress on the humerus - supporting the theory that exercise builds bones.
The real test of the rebuilt baidarka occurred when Dyson and his crew took the craft onto the ocean to find out if the baidarka could attain its reputed high speeds (Frontiers shows 203 and 305). Through Dyson's work on the ancient baidarka, Aleuts have been able to connect with a legacy from their ancestors.
An authentic baidarka measured about 15 feet long and 20 inches wide. In this activity, you'll build a model of an Aleutian baidarka about one foot long.
•5 1' lengths of 1/16" balsa stringer
•polyurethane spray or latex-based paint
•tub of water
1.Photocopy, cut out and trace the bulkhead and bow templates (below) onto poster board. Each model needs three bulkheads and one bow piece.
2.Place two balsa stringers on a flat surface covered with wax paper. Align and glue the bottom of the bulkheads to the stringers (see diagram below).
3.When the glue has set, glue the three remaining stringers into place. Let dry.
4.Carefully bring the five stringers together and secure with a piece of kite string. Add glue and allow to dry.
5.When the frame has dried, attach the bow by gluing its top edge to either side of the center stringer. Then coat the entire frame with a fine layer of glue and cover it with sections of tissue paper.
6.When dry, coat the tissue paper with polyurethane spray or latex-based paint.
7.Test your model baidarka to see how it floats in a tub of water.
Builder and scientist George Dyson writes about the Aleutian craft in his book Baidarka. To find out more, search online for sites about baidarkas and sea kayaks. Since the original Frontiers episode was broadcast, Dyson has also written a book about the future of artificial intelligence, Darwin Among the Machines: The Evolution of Global Intelligence (Helix Books, Addison Wesley, 1997).
The Hadji Ahmed and Piri Reis maps show a lot more knowledge of this area than academics thought existed - but some people always knew.