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Thread: Geodesic Domes and Sustainability

  1. #1
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    Geodesic Domes and Sustainability

    Wouldn't Bucky love seeing how trite and clichéd it is to talk about what he began a passionate cry for in the 1960s? Sustainability may be a word on people's lips and an ethic which time has arrived but it won't overcome the many issues Bucky so ardently saw facing humanity.


    Bucky saw a lot of consciousness in all things, he knew each atom participated in the artist's rendering of beauty when he said Michelangelo released the Statue of David from the bonds of chemical and physical constraints.

    "As an architectural achievement, the Biosphere epitomizes Fuller’s idealization of the promise of technology. Through holistic consideration, systemization and mass-production, he saw this project as an example of how architects could wield and deploy the instruments of innovation to create new species of hyper-efficient machines for the good of mankind. The beauty of the Biosphere’s pure geometries was an aesthetic bonus, the intentional but subordinate success of a functionalist and ethical pursuit. However, the capacity of the structure to communicate this message of optimism-through-optimization may have been lost on those who sought and struggled to find practical applications for Fuller’s invention. Although shell structures have endured as standard devices in the international architectural repertoire, geodesic domes in particular never achieved the mass-adoption Fuller hoped for, and his idealistic labors translated into few tangible gains for the human condition he sought to improve.

    Unfortunately, Fuller’s uniquely hopeful philosophy about the power of the architect and the potential of technology was met with the same reception of intrigued skepticism that befell his dome. In response to the social upheavals of the late 1960s and the increasingly apparent failures of modernism, theorists in particular began to turn away from ethical positivism and humanism in general in their search for deeper meaning in architecture. Soon, with the widespread arrival of post-structural theory and its devolutions, the belief Fuller held in the primacy of an architectural moral imperative was all but abandoned by his peers. After the fire of 1976, the scarred Biosphere was abandoned and sealed off from the public, a tragic monument to a bygone era of hope and idealism.

    In 1990, after nearly fifteen years of disuse, the Biosphere was purchased by the Canadian government and re-purposed as an environmental exhibition space, dedicated to promoting an understanding of the St. Lawrence River and the ecosystem of the Great Lakes. It was a fitting tribute to Fuller, who has been widely recognized as one of the first architects to bring the concept of sustainability into widespread use. The rebirth of the Biosphere also heralded the emergence of sustainability theory as a realignment of architectural thought with the worldly concerns that the academe had since discounted, validating Fuller’s tireless advocacy of an architectural profession grounded in service to nature and humanity."
    http://www.archdaily.com/572135/ad-c...inster-fuller/

    From Yahoo on April 16 we have.
    "Late last year, the International Energy Agency forecast that solar would become the largest source of electricity globally by 2050, with various solar-based systems generating around 27 percent of total.

    The missing piece

    Since 2013, solar on its own has been cheaper than oil or gas for generating electricity in much of the world, but it can't provide electricity when the sun isn't shining, making the battery adoption the missing piece, it said.

    "Solar is a source of energy, not a source of capacity," but cheaper batteries change the equation, it noted.

    In a separate report Tuesday, Bernstein noted that the cost of Lithium-ion batteries has plunged 94 percent since 1991, or a 12 percent annual decline compounded over 23 years, even as competing fossil fuel prices have been flat or higher.


    "Over the next decade, we see several innovations in lithium-ion battery cathode, anode and electrolyte that will continue to drive a further 70 percent cost decline, a doubling of energy density and substantial improvements in safety and lifetime," Bernstein said in Tuesday's note.

    That comes on top of the cost of solar photovoltaic panels falling more than 80 percent since 2008."
    Last edited by R_Baird; 11-24-2015 at 12:20 AM.

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    Bucky was an early author on the matter of our universe. Up until the moment he had written his book mankind thought our galaxy was all there was. Looking back we can almost laugh at how stupid we were. It almost equals the supposed thinking that the Pope was the center of the universe and other Ussher crap which earlier in the 20th Century was still being taught in most schools. I should clarify what I mean; schools were still teaching that humans in the 16th Century and before believed in a Flat Earth with monsters at it's edge. That was never true! It was true that the church tried to enforce that nonsense and paid the likes of Cosmos Indicopleustas to say it. But I doubt Cosmos actually believed it because he was a mariner.

    Today we are breaking ground on the Thirty Meter Telescope in Hawaii. It will be a powerful addition to our search for other sentient life and places we can colonize. Hawking says that by the end of this century mankind could be extinct if we don't colonize space. THAT is the real sustainability we all should be concerned about, and why we need a plan which addresses all inequities in a pragmatic approach to creative and productive progress.

    https://ca.news.yahoo.com/blogs/geek...212948670.html

    The heart of shamanism is captured a little in this story from my nephews. It is a good read unlike my dense thought-provocation or what has been called rolling-thunder. I think Bucky would enjoy seeing his geodesic domes still stand at old DEW Line sites from the Cold War. My nephews faced a real COLD war!

    http://theadventurer.ca/into-the-realm-of-the-inuit/
    Last edited by R_Baird; 04-19-2015 at 05:48 AM.

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    Sustainable shipping is here and now. Will wind turbine and electrical engines combined with solar be the end of diesel and even sails for live-aboards? VERY soon you will be able to simply steer like a car and get around the world on a catamaran safely - which I will be doing. Catch fish and harvest lobster or crab while going ashore to pick Mangoes and bananas - real cheap living and see the world. I love it!

    "Aquarius MRE System


    Wind and Solar Power for Sustainable Shipping

    World shipping is a major source of airborne pollution and the movement of seaborne trade across the world requires vast amounts of bunker oil and other fossil fuels to be consumed by ships of all sizes. But as more focus is placed on reducing CO2 emissions and living in a more sustainable way, it is clear that changes will have to be made to the propulsion and power systems on-board modern vessels.

    aquarius_mre_system_tanker_angled_sailsWind power and solar energy are already popular sources of clean renewable energy on land, so Eco Marine Power is working with a number of development partners on an international project to develop the Aquarius MRE (Marine Renewable Energy) System which will allow ships to be powered in a greener and more eco-friendly way by using these limitless sources of energy.

    The system can be incorporated into existing ship designs as shown on the right or be integrated into future designs such as the Aquarius Eco Ship concept which is also being developed by Eco Marine Power.

    The Aquarius MRE System is an advanced integrated system of rigid sails, solar panels, energy storage modules that will enable ships to tap into renewable energy by harnessing the power provided by the wind and sun. The array of rigid sails will be automatically positioned to best suit the prevailing weather conditions and can be lowered and stored when not in use or in bad weather.

    The array of rigid sails are based on EMP's EnergySail technology (Patent Pending) and can even be used when a ship is at anchor or in harbour. Clearly the EnergySail is unlike any other sail.

    Less Fuel and Less Emissions

    The Aquarius MRE System will significantly reduce a ships fuel consumption and noxious gas emissions. In addition ship owners and operators will be able to reduce the CO2 footprint of their fleet and employ the solution on a variety of ships and vessels.
    eco_ship_mre_solar_1_800x558
    Aquarius MRE System on Eco Ship (with additional solar panels)


    When a ship is at anchor or in port the energy storage modules can provide an alternative source of power and thereby reduce the fuel used by auxiliary generators. In certain situations it will also be possible for a ship to operate emission free when in port which will become an increasingly important capability as port authorities implement strict airborne emission control regulations.

    This innovative system is designed for ships that operate at sea and is not a solution that has been designed for ferries or other small vessels and simply scaled up.

    Ships that operate at sea differ in design from small vessels that operate on bays and on harbours, therefore a wind & solar power system for ocean going ships has to be one that is designed for that purpose. The Aquarius MRE System is that type of solution.

    Although this cutting-edge system is being initially designed for large ships, much of the technology being developed will also be suitable for smaller vessels such as coastal freighters, passenger ferries, tourist boats and Unmanned Surface Vessels. (USV's)

    A study is also being conducted to determine if it would be feasible to use the system on naval and government vessel such as patrol ships.

    Key features ofstg_awards-button-nominee the Aquarius MRE System include ease of use, fully automated control system, attractive Return on Investment (ROI) and reliable operation.

    The Aquarius MRE System by Eco Marine Power is an innovative approach to using wind and solar power together on ships and the technology will help make world shipping greener and cleaner in the years ahead.

    For more about the thinking behind 'Aquarius' please see this article: A Marine Renewable Energy Solution for Modern Ships.

    soe_award_web

    Innovation & Co-Operation
    The development of the system includes the development of a computer system and a control system architecture to integrate the Aquarius MRE System with other equipment and systems onboard ships. The development project also involves a number of companies working as strategic partners with Eco Marine Power.

    Awards and Nominations

    The Aquarius MRE System was a finalist in the 2011 Sustainable Shipping Awards, won a Solution Inspiring Action Award at the 2012 Savannah Ocean Exchange and was nominated for the 2013 Ship Technology Award.

    aquarius_mre_advantages

    Further Information

    See also: Aquarius System FAQ Dawning of the Age of Aquarius Aquarius Eco Ship"

    http://www.ecomarinepower.com/aquari...-a-solar-power

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    A high school student at Castle Frank H.S. in Toronto developed an internal combustion engine and fuel with sugar to run on around 1971. The Pentagon bought it and shelved it as I recall. Maybe this time it will get used for the benefit of mankind.

    "Just weeks after producing its first batch of synthetic diesel fuel made from carbon dioxide and water, Audi has laid claim to another synthetic, clean-burning and petroleum-free fuel called "e-benzin." The fuel was created by Audi's project partner Global Bioenergies, in France.

    In late 2014, Global Bioenergies started up the fermentation unit for a pilot program to produce gaseous isobutane from renewable biomass sugars such as corn-derived glucose. Gaseous isobutane is a sort of raw material for the petrochemical industry that can then be refined into a variety of plastics, fuels and other applications.

    The next step in the process was to run the material through a conditioning and purification process, allowing it to be collected and stored in liquid form under pressure. Some of it was then sent to Germany to be converted into isooctane fuel, creating a pure, 100 octane gasoline."
    http://www.gizmag.com/audi-e-benzin-...4aff4-91426461
    Last edited by R_Baird; 11-24-2015 at 12:22 AM.

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    Printable solar collectors soon will be affordable.

    "Someday, homeowners might need only inkjet printers to harvest solar energy.

    Scientists at the New Jersey Institute of Technology have developed a quick and simple method for do-it-yourselfers to power their homes with inexpensive solar cells that can be printed on certain computer printers or painted on plastic sheets. Consumers can then stick the instant solar panel on a wall, roof or billboard in order to soak up energy supplied by the sun's rays.

    The new polymer-based technology is detailed in the June 21 issue of the Journal of Materials Chemistry.

    Although renewable energy is widely available, finding affordable ways to take advantage of these resources has been a major challenge. Windmills or dams that generate hydroelectric power are elaborate projects. And purified silicon, a core material for making conventional solar cells, is too expensive to produce on a consumer level.

    "Developing organic solar cells from polymers, however, is a cheap and potentially simpler alternative," said lead researcher Somenath Mitra. "Imagine some day driving in your hybrid car with a solar panel painted on the roof, which is producing electricity to drive the engine. The opportunities are endless."

    The "paintable" solar-cell coating developed at NJIT is made of carbon nanotubes that function like electric wires but are about 50,000 times smaller than a strand of hair. Yet, just one nanotube can conduct current better than typical electrical wiring. "Actually, nanotubes are significantly better conductors than copper," Mitra added."

    http://www.livescience.com/1732-simp...nvisioned.html

    The twelve main energy vortexes including the Great Pyramid of Iesa have many smaller center points or nodes. You can think of a corollary in your own body - the chakras and psychic points chart which mirrors the lymph system. Epigeneticists may make a further breakthrough in this integrative insight soon. The twelve plates in the Dodecahedron are part of the ancient earth computer.

    Beyond the Dragon Project proof of energy varying and dovetailing with astronomical or astrological events and megaliths being part of a computer type of information matrix - we now have Gaia Theory developed by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis and others including Hawkins who work on Crop Circles I have covered - here. It is more than just some Green initiative and Bucky Fuller saw how consciousness in even the marble under a sculptors tools can be worked with.

    "The Gaia Hypothesis finds its roots in longstanding insights regarding a living planet. For example, Scofield in Scientists Debate Gaia explores over two dozen expressions of the concept of a living Earth in Western natural philosophy, including animism, hylozism, psyche, pneuma, pantheism, sympatheia, anima mundi, and world soul (Scientists Debate Gaia, 2004, p. 157 - See inset). Many affirm that indigenous and traditional cultures feature intact connections and patterns with a living earth focusing on wisdom and intuition (Golley, p. 35; Scofeld, 2004, p. 157) at a nexus point of knowledge, practice, and belief (Berkes, p. 163). These insights, scientific and cultural, parallel and harmonize with more ancient indigenous and earth-based insight regarding the living nature of the planet. See also Ecospirituality and Ecophilosophy forms of Gaian Methods for further exploration of these concepts.

    The Gaia Hypothesis is a collaborative brainchild of chemist James Lovelock and microbiologist Lynn Margulis and depicts the Earth system as a living, self-regulating, meta-organism continuing optimal life conditions through complex planetary controls. A novel-to-me point of the Gaia Hypothesis is that if a scientist were to imagine what conditions on the Earth would be expected simply due to its planetary size, composition, and distance from the Sun (etc.), the scientist would expect to find a dead, lifeless planet without the temperature, moisture, and other conditions (including those optimum for complex life) found on Gaia Earth.

    Lovelock's Gaia: The Practical Science of Planetary Medicine (2000) offers fabulous visual examples and visualizations for the "geophysiology" that Lovelock explores as part of the fleshing out of the Gaia Hypothesis. His extended metaphor for the Earth as having a physiology includes later chapters on "The People Plague," fever as a metaphor for global warming, and exfoliation as a metaphor for deforestation. Lynn Margulis's radical visionary insight of symbiosis as the central gyre for evolution has, over the past twenty years, brought endosymbiosis and symbiogenesis from an unaccepted fringe theory to evolutionary doctrine. For Margulis, symbiogenesis (not mutation) is the source of innovation in evolutionary change (2006). She has uncovered how mitochondria and chloroplasts demonstrate that collaboration rather than (neo-Darwinian) competition drive evolution. Her early work on eukaryotic evolution demonstrating global regulatory mechanisms was pivotal in the Gaia Hypothesis (2002). Margulis advocates for collaborations with biology, chemistry and other fields in order to pursue the truth about the complex self-regulatory emergent property of the planet as alive (2006).Therefore Gaia Hypothesis research methods are at their heart inter- and transdisciplinary."

    http://www.earthregenerative.org/gai...ypothesis.html
    Last edited by R_Baird; 01-07-2016 at 10:17 PM.

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    Since Al Gore has been heralded as a champion of Green Initiatives I want to set the record straight. His involvement in coal and profit therefrom includes working with a person who helped found the USSR - Armand Hammer along with his father and perhaps as many as 93% of those who founded Russia were Jews. Don't think because Jews were persecuted in Russia that we are talking about the same Jews - read the thread The Halakah and Sharia Law. Don't think Russia was ever communist (Maybe for two weeks under Trotsky and Lenin). It is structured just like the USA by the same people who made the USA. This is not an indictment of the Illuminati - it is often just good sense and follows the best plan available due to ignorance and brainwashing conducted by forces the Illuminati cannot overcome. When the Illuminized ones try to overcome they are burned at the stake (Cathars) and ostracized or worse.

    At nearly every personal level of spirituality and ethics you have odious people making mega-bucks and being worshipped for it. You might want to check out Al Gore's relationship with Armand Hammer.

    "DOSSIER: THE SECRET HISTORY OF ARMAND HAMMER
    by Edward Jay Epstein

    Armand Hammer was one of the odder, more odious characters of American business and politics, "famous" chiefly because he was rich enough to promote his mammoth ego. He has met his match in investigative writer Edward Jay Epstein, who performs the ultimate unmasking of a man who deceived, even betrayed, his country, his family and the hired toadies who posed as his friends.

    The public persona that Hammer polished, at great expense, was that of a renegade oilman who made billions from Libyan oil, chummed around with politicians up to White House level and adorned acres of galleries with paintings, some priceless, others fake. Hammer's lawyers bedeviled honest journalists who tried to write otherwise while he was alive, and they mostly succeeded. Steve Weinberg, author of an earlier critical biography, estimated to me that his British publisher spent $2 million defending a libel suit; it died when Hammer did, at age 92, in 1990.

    But now that the wretch is dead, let's get on with the deferred fun. For Mr. Epstein, the story actually began in 1981, when he interviewed Hammer for the New York Times Magazine. Hammer put on the charm, taking Mr. Epstein to dine with the paper's publisher, Arthur O. "Punch" Sulzberger, and treating him to six months of travel aboard the Oxy One, owned by his Occidental Petroleum.

    Unfortunately for Hammer, another of Mr. Epstein's sources, James Jesus Angleton, head of counterintelligence for the Central Intelligence Agency, whispered a tip about a Soviet agent of influence whom a defector identified as "The Capitalist Prince." Mr. Angleton would not accuse Hammer directly but suggested that "another side" of his activities could be found in documents in a 1927 raid on Arcos, the Soviet trade mission in London.

    Mr. Epstein's Times article suggested that Hammer's trade with the Soviet Union helped Soviet interests, including espionage, but he had no direct proof. Now the evidence is at hand, and in damning detail, straight from old Soviet archives. The account is of a man who bribed and cheated his way to great wealth --- and started with Soviet gold.

    Hammer came to communism legitimately. His father, Julius, a Russian immigrant, linked up with Vladimir Lenin at a socialist conference in Berlin in 1907 and "agreed to become part of the elite underground cadre that Lenin would depend on to change the world." A physician by training, Julius built a small drug chain into Allied Drug and Chemical, purveyor of skin creams and herbal medicines.

    When the Bolsheviks seized Russia in 1919, Julius worked with Ludwig Martens, Lenin's de facto "ambassador" in the United States. Julius used Allied, of which Martens was the covert half-owner, to launder sales proceeds of smuggled diamonds --- money that financed a revolutionary Communist Labor Party (CLP) dedicated to "overthrowing the government, expropriating banks, and establishing a proletarian dictatorship." Julius held card No. 1. The CLP eventually became the Communist Party USA and part of the Communist International (Comintern).



    On another level, Julius used Allied Drug to ship equipment to the Soviet Union for which the U.S. government refused export licenses. Julius certified that the shipments were bound for Latvia; in fact, they continued on to Russia. The Soviets were so pleased with Julius' services that they offered Allied a trading concession that stood to earn him millions.

    Then, disaster. Julius ran a small clinic in which young Armand worked while attending medical school. In 1919, the wife of a czarist-era Russian diplomat went to the clinic for an abortion; she died the next day. Julius would not deny that an abortion had been performed, but he insisted that it had been medically justified. A judge disagreed and sent him off to three and one half to twelve years of hard labor. Years later, Armand Hammer confided to a mistress that the wrong Hammer went to jail, that in fact he had performed the fatal operation. Julius had reasoned that a licensed doctor might beat the charge but that a medical student stood no chance.

    With his father in jail, in 1921 Armand took over the import deals and left for Moscow on the first leg of an odyssey that would make him "one of the great con men of the twentieth century," in Mr. Epstein's words.

    Hammer's cover story was that he helped feed starving Bolsheviks. This was a lie. The Soviets, from Lenin on down, saw him as the ultimate "useful tool" in breaking the Soviet Union out of economic isolation and in providing a conduit through which Moscow could finance espionage and subversion abroad. Mr. Epstein tells in gripping detail how the Soviets used the willing Hammer as a financial errand boy.

    Lenin's grand scheme was to "advance the image of a non-threatening and potentially profitable Soviet Russia." Lenin relied on capitalist greed to make U.S. German and British businesses vie for Russian concessions and to force their governments to lift trade restrictions. When one of Lenin's aides asked where he would obtain the rope with which to hang the capitalists, he replied famously, "They'll supply us with it."

    Lenin used Hammer as his opening pawn in this economic chess game, offering him an abandoned asbestos mine in return for a promise to bring in wheat. Everyone concerned realized the mine was worthless, but it gave the Soviets a means to transfer money to Comintern agents. Lenin issued orders to" make note of Armand Hammer and in every way help him on my behalf if he applies." There were admonitions to keep the relationship secret lest there be a "fatal effect" on Hammer.

    Expansion was swift. Hammer persuaded automaker Henry Ford to move into the Soviet Union to develop the "Fordson" tractor. There were fur deals, and a Hammer pencil factory was given a Soviet monopoly. The Soviets permitted Hammer sweetheart deals on sales abroad of precious czarist art. (When Hammer depleted his stock of Faberge eggs, no problem: He counterfeited them in New York.)

    The most important element was Allied Drug, which acted as the Soviets' de facto banker in the United States, laundering millions of Soviet dollars through sham transactions. Hammer eventually made millions in such enterprises as liquor, oil refining and art. The constant element, according to Mr. Epstein, was bribery and sharp dealing, including his capstone deal, the acquisition of Libyan oil rights for his Occidental Petroleum Co.

    Hammer never deceived the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover, who in 1919 began creating a massive file, "61-280 --- Armand Hammer, Internal Security --- Russia," scrawling across the front, "a rotten bunch." Hoover knew that Hammer financed Comintern agents but did not move, knowing that "it is often more profitable not to arrest a detected courier" when there is no assurance that the replacement will be detected.

    Hammer recognized the utility of buying politicians, and here Mr. Epstein understates one of his juicier stories: how the impecunious Senator Albert Gore Sr. got the wealth to enable him to live in splendor in Washington's Fairfax Hotel and to send son, Al Jr., now the vice president, to the pricey St. Albans school.

    In 1950, Hammer made Mr. Gore "a partner in a cattle-breeding business, from which the Senator made a substantial profit." Thereafter, Gore was Hammer's designated door-opener in official Washington. When Mr. Gore retired, Hammer made him president of Occidental's coal division, where he "earned more than $500,000 a year."

    Son Al next put the family's Senate seat at Hammer's service. At the 1981 inauguration of Ronald Reagan, Junior managed for Hammer to be seated in a section reserved for senators. Hammer lurked in the doorway, hoping to glad-hand the president, but Mr. Reagan brushed by him without a glance, and with reason. Years earlier, Alexandre de Marenches, the head of French intelligence, had warned him that Hammer was a Soviet "agent of influence."

    If Hades has a reading room, I hope, for the sake of various souls who are damned to share eternity with this sleazy character, that it stocks Mr. Epstein's book. A rousing read!

    source:
    http://www.freerepublic.com/forum/a661957.htm "

    http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com...and_hammer.htm
    Last edited by R_Baird; 01-07-2016 at 10:21 PM.

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    Though there is some debate about how soon solar will be cheaper for all parts of the world, than oil, coal and other dirty fuels like Nuclear; there is consensus it will be very soon. Maybe in three years we will see most of the money formerly spent to build great utility plants or Nuclear generators go another direction. At the very least I hope Thorium replaces uranium. But solar and wind have eyesore installations which now seem OK, but might soon be regarded differently. There are also mounting lobby group backlashes. There are less expensive approaches I favor but it is good to see many things are moving in the right direction.

    "It’s been one of the big themes at the World Energy Future Conference here in Abu Dhabi. Solar, and other technologies such as wind power, are no longer more expensive than traditional fossil fuels in many parts of the world. Indeed, they are cheaper.

    The big oil and gas players recognise this. Dr Adaba Sultan Ahmed al Jabber, the minister of state of the United Arab Emirates, said at the lavish opening on Monday that the cost of solar was competing with traditional sources of energy, and would not be derailed by the plunge in the oil price.

    He saw that as an opportunity to call for the removal of fossil fuel subsidies, which he noted outstripped those of renewables by a factor of 5:1 in 2013. “If we have courage and opportunity to saying yes to thinking differently, could deliver better future,” he told the conference. This from a country which is in the top eight oil producers in the world, and the top seven in gas reserves.

    A day earlier, the International Renewable Energy predicted that solar costs would fall substantially in coming years, underlying its competitiveness with fossil fuels. If government policy makers did not understand this, IRENA said, then they risked making bad decisions about their energy future.

    Last week, the Saudi Arabian power company ACWE, with some $24 billion in assets, set a world record low for the price of solar in the world’s largest tender. Its CEO, Paddy Padmanathan, told RenewEconomy in an interview on Monday that the price of solar will fall by at least a third in coming years. He expects at least half of the 140,000GW of power capacity to be installed in the Middle East and north Africa in the coming decade to be solar."

    http://cleantechnica.com/2015/01/29/...2-years-heres/

    Saudi investment in solar is part of a dual approach to maintaining market share or money inflows for their economy. They have lowered the price of oil to compete with renewables as much as the oft-touted shale.
    Last edited by R_Baird; 01-07-2016 at 10:22 PM.

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    Can anyone explain why forests are destroyed to supply utility companies with fuel?

    All of the energy we produce is part of a secret cabal's desire to maximize control and profits. There has always been better and cheaper ways to get our energy. Just ask the people of ancient Iceland or what Plutarch's map called Ogygia.

    "Australia is sitting on top of some of the world's most potent geothermal energy sources, according to government estimates. Just one percent of the hot rock energy less than 5 km under the surface would be enough to meet the whole country's entire power needs for 26,000 years if it was tapped. So why aren't we seeing more movement on it?

    Geothermal energy is a very handy, virtually inexhaustible clean energy source for those areas lucky enough to find themselves on top of it. Massive amounts of hot rock just below the Earth's surface can be used to heat water and drive steam turbines for reliable electricity generation with virtually no emissions or environmental impact.

    Where wind and solar tend to generate power at inconvenient or uncontrollable times, geothermal can be easily regulated and is ready to go 24/7. Surveys testing the available heat in existing bore holes down to a depth of 5 km (3 miles) below the surface indicate that Australia is sitting on some seriously large hot rock resources, as shown in our lead image.

    So why is this enormous resource apparently so underdeveloped?"


    http://www.gizmag.com/australia-vast...97bef-91426461
    Last edited by R_Baird; 01-07-2016 at 10:09 PM.

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    I am always amazed at how simple solutions are if one looks at what nature does.

    https://ca.news.yahoo.com/blogs/geek...192646788.html

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    This is exactly the kind of thing Bucky forsaw. It will not stop the Tundra gases from melting all the glaciers after another degree of average temperature occurs in our atmosphere, but it could help nanobots clean up the oceans and air.

    http://www.gizmag.com/c02-atmosphere...8d81c-91426461

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