The Antikythera mechanism developed between 4,500 - 7,000 years ago has proven to be unimaginably accurate in predicting celestial events. Not only accurate in predicting events such as solar and lunar eclipse, but also accurate in predicting "rhythms of transition". This is to say celestial elliptical orbits which are elongated cycles, or cycles within cycles sometimes taking decades, centuries and even millennia to complete.
New Development - The Antikythera Mechanism was initially thought to have been made on the Greek city of Rhodes, where the ship had almost certainly stopped, and where the Greek astronomer Hipparchus had worked. Now however, scientists delving into the astronomical theories encoded in this device have concluded that they are not Greek at all, but Babylonian (Sumerian) - an empire predating this era by centuries.
Researchers who did the 2006 reconstruction noted that the 235- and 223-month cycles were originally derived by the Babylonians (Sumerians).The empire's priest-astronomers who saw astronomical events as powerful omens, had identified many such cycles over the centuries, and Greek astronomers of this period often made use of their results.
Is There a Mayan - Babylonian (Sumerian) Connection?
The latest findings do in fact mirror what is known about the Maya Mesoamerican civilization, during the Pre-Classic period 4,000 years ago. This finding is forcing historians to rethink a crucial period in the development of astronomy. It may well be that geared devices such as the Antikythera mechanism did not model the Greeks' geometric view of the cosmos after all.
The Maya is a Mesoamerican civilization noted for its astronomical and mathematical systems, art and architecture. Initially established during the Pre-Classic period over 4,000 years ago (c. 2000 BC to 250 AD). According to the Mesoamerican chronology, many Maya cities reached their highest state of development during the Classic period (c. 250 AD to 900 AD), and continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish Inquisition.
There are archeologist and anthropologist who provide evidence suggesting there must have been a connection between Mesopotamia and Mesoamerica. Many outside influences are found in Mayan art and architecture, which are thought to be a result from trade and cultural exchange.