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Thread: The Colossus of Rhodes

  1. #1
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    The Colossus of Rhodes

    You might know it best from a Sergio Leone movie, but it was a very important wonder in the ancient world. The Phoenician Pirates and the Phoenician business men worked a wonderful scheme out of the Greek Islands - they would sell insurance and own the ships doing trading all over the Mediterranean and then tell their other business partners what was worth pirating and when to do it. So when you see Phoenicians giving languages in Rhodes or operating business from there you will know they did the same all over the world. Or at least you should start to wonder about what happened to all this knowledge and secret ability, that has simply disappeared from our history or university courses. Maybe you will have to read the many proofs from all disciplines in the many threads on languages and cultures we have here. We start with the myth of Helios (Heliopolitans or 'shining ones' of Ba'albek going back about ten millennia) and the official history,

    "Rhodes Greece (Rhodos) history

    The ancient myths
    Pindar and other ancient writers are very detailed in the description of Rhodes in their manuscripts. The origins of Rhodes are connected to a divine myth about Zeus (leader of the ancient Greek gods) and Helios (god of the Sun).

    According to this myth, after Zeus's victory against the Giants, he decided to divide the earth among the Olympian gods; The only god who received nothing was Helios.

    He, according the myth, was absent and "No one remembered to include him in the draw"! When he came back he demanded his share, but Zeus told him that he was not able to make the cast again because the rest of the gods would not agree. Helios was disappointed but asked Zeus and the other gods to promise that the land that was to rise out of the sea could be his.

    As he spoke, a beautiful island slowly emerged from the bottom of the blue sea, Rhodes. Helios bathed Rhodes with his own radiance and made it the most beautiful island in the Aegean Sea.

    Rhodes was known in ancient times by several other names, such as Ophiousa (because a lot of snakes lived there), Asteria (for its clear blue and starry sky), Makaria (for its arresting beauty) and Atavyria (after its highest mountain, Atavyros).


    Prehistory
    Another name for Rhodes was Telchina, because its first inhabitants where said to be the Telchines , gifted metal workers who lived on the island in the Prehistoric Age.

    The first known 'human' inhabitants were the Carians, a tribe, which came from Asia Minor . The Phoenicians, great merchants who made Rhodes an important commercial centre, followed them. Their leader Cadmus, who introduced the first alphabet, founded the first Phoenician colony on Rhodes Island.

    In the recorded history of the Eastern Mediterranean, Minoans from Crete settled on Rhodes.

    Those Minoans lived peacefully on the island for many centuries, until another tribe arrived against them. The newcomers were Greek Achaeans from the Greek mainland.

    Around 1400 BC, the Achaeans founded a powerful state that very soon extended its influence. Centuries later, the bellicose Dorians came to Rhodes and developed Lindos, Ialysos and Kamiros. Those three cities finally grew immensely in power and wealth.

    Located in such a strategic position, Rhodes quickly gained fame and wealth. Fast Rhodian ships sailed everywhere in the Mediterranean, bringing riches and glory back to motherland. Between 1000 and 600 BC, Kamiros, Ialysos, and Lindos, colonised many areas along the west coast of Asia Minor, Sicily, France and Spain.


    Classical Period
    Initially, those three cities maintained their administrative independence, but later united with three other Doric cities, Kos, Knidos and Halicarnassus, to form a federation of six cities, the so-called Doric Hexapolis.

    In the 5th century BC, Rhodes suffered many changes as a result of warfare. For a short period it came under the influence of the Persians. When the Greeks defeated the Persians, Rhodes became a member of the Delian League under the leadership of Athens.

    During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC), the Rhodians decided to found a new city by uniting the three largest cities on the island. They were very aware of the meaning of the motto "power in unity". The new city was called Rhodes, after the island itself. Its foundation in 408 BC constitutes a landmark in the history of the island."


    When the Knights Templar or Malta ran it, it was a very important historical place but I say it always was in many ways. It is the likely place from whence the ship sailed and went down with the Antikythera or computer astrolabe of Poseidonius. It may have been important to Solomon and his Tyrean business partners and a place where his treasures were kept.
    Last edited by R_Baird; 04-23-2016 at 05:24 PM.

  2. #2
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    Was the Masonic gift of the Statue of Liberty a re-collection or remembrance of their glory days on Rhodes? It may sound ridiculous when I write or say that but Thomas Paine was a more than just influential person on the USA and France, as well as a person who knew Masonry was based on the sun (Helios and Heliopolitan) worship of the Druids. I think he knew Pythagoras was a Druid and just how much more is difficult to say. He directed some of his writings should not be published till his death, and one can imagine other writings never saw the light of day.

    "The Colossus of Rhodes is familiar to almost everyone. Its history begins with the siege of Demetrios Poliorketes, successor of Alexander the Great, in 305 BC. When Demetrios was defeated, he abandoned all his siege machinery on Rhodes. The Rhodians decided to express their pride by building a triumphal statue of their favourite god, Helios. The task was assigned to the sculptor Chares of Lindos, a pupil of Lysippos himself, and twelve years (from 304 to 292 BC) were needed to complete it.

    From its building to its destruction lies a time span of merely 56 years. Yet the Colossus earned a place in the famous list of Wonders. "But even lying on the ground, it is a marvel", said Pliny the Elder. The Colossus of Rhodes was not only a gigantic statue. It was a symbol of unity of the people who inhabited that beautiful Mediterranean island of Rhodes.

    To build the statue, the workers cast the outer bronze skin parts. The base was made of white marble, and the feet and ankle of the statue were first fixed. The structure was gradually erected as the bronze form was fortified with an iron and stone framework. To reach the higher parts, an earth ramp was built around the statue and was later removed. When the Colossus was finished, it stood about 33 metres (110 ft) high. And when it fell, "few people can make their arms meet round the thumb", wrote Pliny.

    A strong earthquake hit Rhodes at around 226 BC. The city was badly damaged, and the Colossus was broken at its weakest point - the knee. The Rhodians received an immediate offer from Ptolemy III Eurgetes of Egypt to cover all restoration costs for the toppled monument. However, an oracle was consulted and forbade the re-erection. Ptolemy's offer was declined.

    For almost a millennium, the statue lay broken in ruins. In AD 654, the Arabs invaded Rhodes. They disassembled the remains of the broken Colossus and sold them to a Jew from Syria. It is said that the fragments had to be transported to Syria on the backs of 900 camels.

    Let us clear a misconception about the appearance of the Colossus. It has long been believed that the Colossus stood in front of the Mandraki harbour, one of many in the city of Rhodes, straddling its entrance. Given the height of the statue and the width of the harbour mouth, this picture is rather impossible than improbable. Moreover, the fallen Colossus would have blocked the harbour entrance. Recent studies suggest that it was erected either on the eastern promontory of the Mandraki harbour, or even further inland. In any case, it never straddled the harbour entrance.

    Although we do not know the true shape and appearance of the Colossus, modern reconstructions with the statue standing upright are more accurate than older drawings. Although it disappeared from existence, the ancient World Wonder inspired modern artists such as French sculptor, Auguste Bartholdi, best known by his famous work, the 'Statue of Liberty' in New York. Today, the Colossus is regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the World and a masterpiece of art and engineering."


    http://www.rhodesguide.com/rhodes/colossus_rhodes.php

    Does some family rule us to this day just as they did in the era of Alexander? His successor the Masons and all related groups imitated these sun-gods or pretenders thereto when making the Statue of Liberty? Have we grown up enough to ask them to give us some room to grow further?

    "The result of the Church's encounter with the sun-cults of antiquity was nothing less than the dethronement of Helios."


    Dr. Hugo Rahner, Greek Myths and Christian Mystery (93)
    Last edited by R_Baird; 04-26-2016 at 12:46 PM.

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